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1841 England Census



Source Information

  • Title 1841 England Census 
    DATE 6 Jun 1841 
    GDOC https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B9E9raKg6SUVNWFiY2FhNGMtYTFkMy00MmQ3LTkzYWUtNjk2MzUyMDk2YWUw 
    TYPE Census 
    Source ID S70 
    Text About 1841 England Census
    This database contains an every name index to the 1841 England Census with links to images of the original census returns. Information available in this database includes: name, age, estimated birth year, relationship to head of household.

    For more information about this database, click here.

    The 1841 Census for England was taken on the night of 6 June 1841. The following information was requested:

    * Name of street, place, road, etc.
    * House number or name
    * Name of each person that had spent the night in that household
    * Age*
    * Sex (indicated by which column the age is recorded in)
    * Profession or occupation
    * Where born**

    *The ages of people over 15 years old were usually rounded down to the nearest 5 years. Therefore, someone who was actually 24 years would have their age listed as 20, and someone who was actually 27 years old would have their age listed as 25.

    **The "Where Born" column only asked two questions - 1) whether born in same county, and 2) whether born in Scotland, Ireland, or Foreign Parts. Possible answers and abbreviations to question #1 include: Yes (Y), No, (N), or Not Known (NK). For question #2, the following abbreviations were used: Scotland (S), Ireland (I), and Foreign Parts (F).

    Enumeration forms were distributed to all households a couple of days before census night and the complete forms were collected the next day. All responses were to reflect the individual's status as of 6 June 1841 for all individuals who had spent the night in the house. People who were traveling or living abroad were enumerated at the location where they spent the night on census night. All of the details from the individual forms were later sorted and copied into enumerators' books, which are the records we can view images of today. The original householder's schedules from 1841 to 1901 were destroyed.

    The clerks who compiled and reviewed the census data made a variety of marks on the returns. Unfortunately, many of these tally marks were written over personal information and some fields, such as ages, can be difficult to read as a result. More useful marks include a single slash between households within a building and a double slash separating households in separate buildings.

    Color Images of Hard-to-Read Pages:

    A major problem with the 1841 census is that it was written in pencil rather than pen. This has resulted in many faded pages which have proved unreadable on microfilm. To rectify this problem Ancestry has gone back to the original census manuscripts at The National Archives (TNA) and digitised many of these hard-to-read pages. The result is hi-resolution color images with writing that is now more clearly visible.

    Pages digitised as color images were chosen from documents identified by TNA as damaged or as exceptionally difficult to read.

    The following is a list of piece numbers that include some color images:

    5 227 303 309 349 549 695 827 1028 1096 1206
    186 231 305 310 443 588 731 972 1029 1131 1209
    187 232 307 323 500 609 820 998 1066 1134 1321
    203 242 308 344 523 675 826 1003 1085 1186 1416

    How the census forms are organized:

    The 1841 census returns were organized according to county, hundred (or wapentake in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire), and parish names. Consecutive piece numbers were assigned to hundreds or parts of hundreds for reference purposes. You will find the piece number on a paper strip on the side or bottom of every image, following the PRO class number (HO 107). There may be hundreds of pieces within a county.

    Pieces are comprised of books which in turn are comprised of enumeration districts. It is the book number, rather than the enumeration district number that is important to researchers for referencing. The book number is shown on the paper strip on the side or bottom of every image following the piece number.

    In addition to the piece and book numbers, each page of the returns includes a folio number and/or a page number. The folio number was stamped onto every other page before microfilming and is located in the upper right hand corner of the image. Folio numbering usually starts over at the beginning of each book. The page number is part of the printed form and is found on every page, usually at the top centre. The page numbers start over at the beginning of every enumeration district. A full reference number for a record in the 1841 census includes the PRO class number (HO 107), the piece number, the book number, and the folio number.

    Some of the above information was taken from "Chapter 6: Census Returns," Ancestral Trails: The Complete Guide to British Genealogy and Family History by Mark D. Herber (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1998) and Using Census Returns, Pocket Guides to Family History by David Annal (Richmond, Surrey: Public Record Office, 2002).

    Known problems with the 1841 Census:

    The following table shows piece numbers where part or all of the piece is missing, as well as piece numbers that were not used.
    Piece County Parishes and Hamlets
    89 Cheshire
    Parish:Malpas (part)

    Townships:
    Agden
    Bickerton
    Bickley
    Bradley
    Broxton
    Bulkeley

    Chidlow
    Cholmondley
    Chorlton
    Cuddington
    Duckington
    Edge Egerton
    Hampton
    Larkton
    Macefen
    Malpas
    Newton-juxta-Malpas Oldcastle
    Overton
    Stockton
    Tushingham
    Wichaugh
    Wigland
    Parish: Shocklach

    Townships:
    Caldecott
    Church Shocklach

    Parish: Shocklach

    Township:
    Oviatt Shocklach

    Parish: Threapwood
    192 Derbyshire Parish: Walton-upon-Trent
    404 Southampshire Parish: Winnall
    465 Kent Parish: Bishopsbourne
    467 Kent Parish: Herne Bay
    469 Kent Parish: Reculver
    470 Kent

    Parish: Sturry
    Parish: Swalecliffe
    Parish: Westbere
    Parish: Seasalter Liberty
    Parish: Whitstable

    Township:
    Harwich

    471 Kent Parish: Ashford (part)
    475 Kent Parish: Smarden
    668 Middlesex
    Parish: St Luke

    Townships:
    West Finsbury
    Golden-Lane

    Old Street
    Whitecross-Street
    680 Middlesex Parish: Paddington
    690 Middlesex
    Parish: Kensington (part)

    Townships:
    Brompton
    Kensall Green (part)

    797 Northamptonshire
    Parish: Blatherwycke
    Parish: Bulwick
    Parish: Bulwick Short Leys
    Parish: Deene

    Township: Deenethorpe

    Parish: Great Weldon

    Township: Little Weldon

    798 Northamptonshire Parish: Weedon-Beck
    809 Northamptonshire Parish: Haselbeech
    864 Piece number not used
    890 Oxfordshire Parish: Yarnton or Yarington
    942 Somerset Parish: Mells
    1074 Surrey
    Parish: Walton-upon-Thames

    Hamlet: Hersham

    Parish: Weybridge
    1075 Surrey Parish: Malden
    1172 Wiltshire Parish: Hardenhuish
    1174 Wiltshire
    Parish: Downton

    Townships:
    Charlton
    Church
    Downton

    East Downton
    Hamptworth
    Wick & Walton
    Witherington
    Parish: No-Man's Land
    1176 Wiltshire Parish: Patney
    1184 Wiltshire
    Parish:
    Bishop's Cannings

    Townships:
    Bourton & Easton
    Chittoe

    Coase
    Horton
    St James or Southbroom
    Parish:
    West or Bishop's Lavington

    Townships:
    Fiddington
    Littleton Pannell

    1186 Wiltshire
    Parish: Allcannings

    Townships:
    Allington
    Etchilhampton
    Fullaway or Fullway

    Parish: Alton-Barnes
    Parish: Beeching-Stoke
    Parish: Churton or Cherrington

    Township:
    Conock

    Parish: East or Market Lavington

    Township:
    Easterton

    Parish: Marden
    Parish: St Bernard Stanton
    Parish: Urchfont or Erchfont

    Townships:
    Eastcott
    Lydeway


    Stert
    Wedhampton
    1286 Yorkshire
    Wapentake: Claro (Lower Division)

    Parish: Ripon (part)
    Township: Bewerley
    Hamlet: Greenhow Hill (part)

    Wapentake: Claro (Lower Division)

    Parish: Ripon (part)
    Township: Dacre
    Hamlet: Hayshaw


    Census Records - Enumeration Districts

    Census records are divided into groups by county, then by parish, and in many cases by enumeration districts as well. An enumeration district was considered to be roughly equivalent to the area that a census worker or "enumerator" could cover in one day. Some parishes may have only one district, others will have many. By clicking the link next to the enumeration district number you can see the handwritten description of the area that comprises the district. Searching the census records by enumeration district allows a researcher to see their ancestor in context of their closest neighbors. You may also learn additional information about family members who live nearby. 
    Linked to Elizabeth
    Jane
    HAGGETT, Ann
    HAGGETT, Fanny
    HAGGETT, Matilda
    HAGGETT, Sarah
    HAGGETT, Thomas
    HOLLIDAY, Sarah
    OVENS, Euphemia
    OVENS, George Vaughn
    OVENS, Gordan
    OVENS, John
    OVENS, William
    PAYNTON, Mary Ann
    PAYNTON, Moses
    REYNOLDS, Mary
    RYMAN, Benjamin
    RYMAN, Jane
    RYMAN, John
    RYMAN, Joseph
    RYMAN, Joseph
    RYMAN, Mary Ann
    THOMSON, Marion